Microsoft Ignite 2019 – Deliver Highly Available Secure Web Application Gateway and Web Application Firewall

Speaker:

  • Amit Srivastava, Principal Program Manager, Microsoft

Mission Critical HTTP Applications

  • Always On
  • Secure
  • Scalable
  • Telemetry
  • Polygot – variety of backed, IaaS, PaaS, on-prem

Many things to think about.

What Azure Pieces Can We Use?

  • WAG
  • AFD
  • CDN
  • WAF
  • Azure Load Balancer
  • Azure Traffic Manager

WAG

Regional ADS as a service. A full reverse proxy. It terminates the incoming connection and creates a new one to the web server.

  • Platform managed: built-in HA and sclability
  • Layer 7 load balancing: URL path, host based, round robin, session affinity, redirection
  • Security and SSL management: WAF, SSL Offload, SSL re-encryption, SSL policy
  • Public or ILB: Public internet, internal or both.
  • Flexible backends: VMs, VMSS, AKS, public IP, cloud services, ALB/ILB, On-premises
  • Rich diagnostics: Azure monitor, log analytics, network watcher, RHC, more

Standard v2 SKU in GA

  • Available in 26 regions
  • Built-in zone redundancy
  • Static VIP
  • HTTP header/cookies insertion/modification
  • Increased scale limits 20 -> 100 listeners
  • Key vault integration and autorenewal of SSL certs (GA)
  • AKS ingress controller (GA)

Autoscaling and performance improvements:

  • Grow and shrink based on app traffic requirements
  • 5 x better SSL offloads performance
    • 500-50,000 connections/sec with RSA 2048 bit certs
    • 30,000, 3,000,000 persistent connections
    • 2,500 – 250,0000 HTTP req/sec
  • 75% reduction in provisioning time ~5mins

Key Vault Integration in v2 GA

  • Front end TLS cert integrated with Azure Key Vault
  • Utilizes user-assigned management identity for access control on key vault
  • Use certificate or secrets on Key Vault
  • Pools every 4 hours to enable automatic cert renewal – you can force a poll if you need to
  • Manual override or specific certificate version retrieval

WAG v2 Header Rewrites

  • Manipulate request and response headers and cookies
    • Strip port from x-forwarded-for header
    • Add security headers like HSTS and X-XSS-Protection
    • Common header manipulation ex: HOST, SERVER
  • Conditional header rewrites … something

Ingress Controller

  • Ingress controller for 1+ AKS clusters at one time
  • Deployed using HELM – newer easier options by EOY
  • Utilized pod-AAD for ARM authentication
  • Tighter integration with AKS add-on support upcoming
  • Supports URI-path based, host based, SSL termination, SSL re-encryption, redirection, custom health probes, draining, cookie affinity.
  • Support for Let’s Encrypt provided TLS certs
  • WAF fully supported with custom listener policies
  • Support for multiple AKS as backend
  • Support for mixed mode- both AKS and other backend types on the same application gateway.

http://aka.ms/appgawks

Application Gateway Wildcard Listener

  • Managed preview
  • Support for wildcard characters in listener host name
  • Supports * and ? characters in host name
  • Associate wildcard or SAN certs to serve HTTPS

Telemetry Enhancements

  • GA
  • Diagnostics Log Enhancements
    • TLS protocol version, cipher spec selected.
    • Backend target server, response code, latency.
  • Metrics Enahncements
    • Backend response status code
    • RPS/healthy node
    • End-to-end latency
    • Backend latency
    • Backend connect, first byte, and last byte latency.

Azure Monitor Insights for Application Gateway

  • Public Preview
  • Sign health and metric console for your entire cloud network#
  • No agent/configuration required
  • Visualize the structure and functional dependencies
  • More

AKS Demo

He loads a Helm YAML config to the AKS cluster. Now the AKS cluster can configure listers, backend pools, rules, etc for the containers/services running on the cluster. Pretty cool.

Azure WAF

Cloud native WAF

  • Unified WAF offering
    • Protect your apps at network edge or in region uniformly
  • Public preview:
    • Microsoft threat intelligence
      • Protect apps against automated attacks
      • Manage good/bad bots with Azure BotManager RuleSet
    • Site and URI pathc specific WAF policies
      • Customise WAF policies at regional WAF for finer grained protection at each host/listener or URI path level
    • Geo-filtering on regional WAF

WAF

  • HA, scalable fully platform managed
  • Auto-scaling support
  • New RuleSet CRS 3.1 added, will soon be the default
  • Integration with Azure Sentinel SIEM
  • Performance and concurrency enhancements
  • More

WAF Policy Enhancements

  • Assign different policies to different sites behind the same WAF
  • Increased configurability
  • Per-URI policy

Geo Filtering Public Preview

  • Block, allow, log countries.
  • Easily configurable in WAF policy
  • Geo data refreshed weekly

Only in special Portal URI at the moment – normal Azure Portal soon.

Bot Protection (Public Preview)

  • Stuff
Please follow and like us:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.